Reading cards

It is essential to note the essential elements of his reading and those that will be used for his research work. If the cards are well done, they allow after the fact quickly find the necessary information at the time of writing the work and classify according to your work plan.

TYPES OF SHEETS

There are two main types of cards:

Bibliographic records

They serve to constitute a bibliography. It indicates the information needed to identify each document found, a brief overview of the content and a few lines indicating the relevance of the document.

Example bibliographic record:

Iranian revolution of 1979-1980

MILZA, Pierre and Serge BERSTEIN, dir. History of the 20th century, Paris, Hatier, 2001, 3 vols.

The authors of this general work deal with the main events and political, economic and social phenomena that occurred during the twentieth century. As they approach the Iranian revolution of 1979-1980, the reader is able to understand the causes, the main episodes and the various consequences of this revolution.

However, the use of bibliographic records tends to disappear, the majority of professors asking rather a commented bibliography. This is a bibliography whose different documents, placed one after the other in alphabetical order of the authors’ names, are followed by the credibility of the author (training, specialization, position, etc.). a brief overview of the content of the book and a few lines indicating the relevance of the document for the school work to be produced.

Examples of commented bibliography:

GOSSELIN, Guy and Marcel FILION. Political Regimes and Societies in the World, Quebec, Presses de l’Université Laval, 2007, 386 p.

Guy Gosselin was a professor in the Department of Political Science at Laval University from 1968 to 2006. He specialized in international organizations and political regimes, especially those in Europe. Marcel Filion has been teaching at the Department of Political Science at Laval University since 2001 and has produced his research in a more specific way in political philosophy and comparative political institutions.

This book presents a general portrait of the great political institutions of the contemporary world. The contribution of modern societies in the construction of the political world is also mentioned.

More specifically, the book is useful for the present research because, in particular, of a detailed presentation of the new political institutions of Russia since the fall of communism.

BERSTEIN, Serge and Pierre MILZA, dir. History of the 20th century, Paris, Hatier, 2001, 3 vols.

Doctor of Letters, Serge Berstein teaches at the Institute of Political Studies in Paris. This historian is also a member of the scientific councils of the Charles-de-Gaule Foundation and the Institut François-Mitterand. He is a specialist in the political history of the Third Republic. As for Pierre Milza, associate of history and Doctor of letters, he is a professor emeritus of the Universities at the Institute of Political Studies of Paris. This French historian specialized on contemporary Italy. He is also a member of the Scientific Council of the Institut François-Mitterand.

The authors discuss the main events and political, economic and social phenomena that occurred during the twentieth century.

In this book dealing with the Iranian revolution of 1979-1980, information on the causes, main episodes and various consequences of this revolution will be particularly useful for research.

The fact sheets

They are used to record information deemed relevant to his work. A form may contain a text quote deemed important, a paragraph or chapter summary, a commentary or a personal review, or an idea that has been read. There may also be a combination of these forms (for example, a comment completing a textual quote). As it is a developed idea, we will avoid the sheet consisting of a single sentence as the sheet showing a long paragraph with several ideas.

Method:

  • 1 Use, preferably, cards of the same format.
  • 2 Note one idea per sheet.
  • 3 In the top left, write the subject, the theme and the sub-theme identifying the contents of the form and allowing them to be classified afterwards.
  • 4 Indicate, at the top right of the card, the main elements of the bibliographic reference of the document to which it refers. Do not forget to indicate the page or pages summarized, quoted or commented.
  • 5 Sort the cards according to your drafting plan.

Throughout this work of documentation, it is necessary to keep in mind the subject of the work, the themes to develop, the plan of writing. As you go into gathering information, you will have a more and more precise idea of what your final work will be.